The project offers the first time the possibility to integrate the knowledge about mushrooms for the cross-border region Bohemian Forest. The region covers the Bavarian Forest in Germany, the Bohemian Forest in Czech Republic down to the Gratzener highland and the Mühl- and Waldviertel in Austria. It includes two national parks and several nature parks and other protected landscapes.
The project area (black border) with the national parks Bavarian Forest and Šumava (green). (Bild: Karasch, Kunze)
View from Lackenberg at the german-czech border. In the background with bark beetle damages and natural regeneration in the foreground. (photo: A. Kunze)
The project area has a high amount of moorlands like bogs, fens or riparian forests. They developed after the last iceage , 12.000 years ago on sites with water persistence rocks wich store the water and initialize the fen development. Fens are and bogs are known as very nutrient poor locations with specific adapted plants, animals and fungi.
There are bog specialists in fungi too. Some are growing direct on the peat moss, wich is reflected in their names like "sphagnophila" or "sphagnorum".